This fat-soluble vitamin is proved to be of great importance for bone, teeth and muscle health as it aids the absorption of calcium in the gut and regulates the calcium and phosphate concentration in the body. Insufficient supply of vitamin D can result in misshapen, brittle and weak bones as it is vital for bone growth and remodelling. Children could fall victims to sicknesses such as rickets and adults to ones such as osteomalacia.
With calcium, it prevents the chances of osteoporosis in adults. Recent discoveries suggest the benefits of Vitamin D extends beyond the above mention to Diabetes, Dementia, Heart Disease and even grieve diseases like Cancer. The adverse impacts of vitamin deficiency can fit into a long list, but the idea is to make you understand the importance of this vitamin. Despite its many benefits, we can find traces of Vitamin D in a few food items.
Besides absorbing some from sun exposure, it is essential to consume Vitamin D as a dietary supplement. A dose of 8.5-10mcg daily can contribute to the health of your bones, cardiovascular system, metabolism and immune system while preventing the chances of cancers.
The department of health of the UK suggests that:
Breastfed babies: 8-10mcg daily supplement
Formula fed babies: need not give them a daily supplement as the formula milk is rich in vitamin D. (unless the baby is consuming a daily volume that is less than 500ml.)
Children 1 year to 4 years: 10mcg
For children above 5 years and adults should consume food that is naturally rich in Vitamin D during autumn and winter months. However, as we already established food alone is not a sufficient source as there are only small traces; therefore, it is recommended they take a daily supplement containing 10mcg of Vitamin D during this time.
During the summer months, most people can absorb vitamin D through sunlight and a balanced diet, therefore, can choose not to take any supplements during this time.
Sometimes you may not realise that you are deficient because the symptoms can be subtle. In other words, unless it significantly affects the quality of your day to day life, you may not even pay much attention. So, speak to us or your GP to clear any doubts that may need clarification.